17 interesting things about Catalonia

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On our last trip to the Catalan Pyrenees, we share the most interesting facts about Catalonia.

The Pyrene Mountains, located in the northeastern corner of Spain, is located on the southern France and Andorra border of Catalonia. Catalonia is an autonomous community in Spain and is a historic principality that once went back to France.

The repercussions persist on Catalonia’s desire to leave Spain and its ongoing offer of independence. There’s more to it than protest and politics in Catalonia.

Our visit to the Catalan Pyrenees is to climb the iron roads of Tossal De Miravet, to walk in the aiguestores National Park, to enter the canyon of the dazzling Hell Canyon and to take the road between endless plates of tapas…

1. Catalonia has an estimated 7.5 million inhabitants, accounting for more than 16% of Spain’s total population. It occupies 6,3% of Spain’s land (32,114 km2).
2. Catalonia’s economy of 215.6 billion euros (191 billion euros) is greater than most of the countries in the euro area and produces more than one fifth of Spain’s GDP, while exports represent more than a quarter of the country’s total.
3. Catalan, Spanish and Occitan in Catalonia (Aranes) is one of the three official languages.
4. Catalonia’s laws require teachers, doctors, and public sector employees to use Catalan in conjunction with Spanish.
5. One of the most interesting facts about Catalonia is the traditional Catalan celebration known as the Correfoc (run of Fire), where artists dance with demons, light fireworks, drums, and re-embellished the theatre in the duel between good and evil.
6. Catalan is not only spoken in Catalonia. Valensiya, Balearic Islands and Aragon are used as a minority language. In addition, it is the only official language of Andorra and is spoken in the Roussillon region of France and Alghero in Italy.
7. Famous architect Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926), known as the architect of God, was from Catalonia. He has undertaken the architecture of the Sagrada Familia, Spain’s most visited monument, which attracts approximately 2.8 million visitors annually.
8. Gaudí’s Sagrada Familia cathedral in Barcelona is still being built. Construction started in 1882 and passed midpoint in 2010. Completion is expected between 2026 and 2028.
9. One more amazing fact about Catalonia is that Catalan is not a Spanish dialect, as many believe. Instead, the language was developed independently of the Vulgar Latin, a non-standard Latin language spoken in the Mediterranean region.
10. The Francois dictatorship prohibits the use of Catalan in schools and Public Administration from 1939-1975.
11. Catalan Atlas was published in 1375. During the Middle Ages it became one of the most important works in cartography. Catalan map makers, Mediterranean-based, most of the inscription and decorations have created inverted maps.
12. One of the facts about Catalonia is that the famous British writer George Orwell volunteered as a Republican soldier and Franco fought against his nationalists during the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
13. Salvador Dalí, one of the most famous artists of all time, was from Catalonia. Born in 1904, died in 1989 at the age of 84.
14. Catalan, 18. in a tradition that dates back to the century, they built human towers called Castells. Castells was declared a UNESCO Intangible Cultural human heritage in 2010.
15. The Catalan celebrate St. George’s Day on 23 April – La Diada de Sant Jordi. It is common to exchange roses and books to lovers, loved ones and colleagues. Traditionally, men give women a Rose and women give men a book to celebrate this event.
On 16.01.2010, Catalonia banned the first case of bullfighting, which forbids the Spanish mainland tradition.
17. Sardana’s circular dance is a tradition in Catalonia. He became famous at the opening ceremony of the 1992 Summer Olympics.

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